The Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (SVAC) dataset measures reports of the conflict-related sexual violence committed by armed actors during the years 1989-2019.
The armed actors include government forces, pro-government militias, and rebel groups between 1989-2009 (SVAC 1.0), and government forces and rebel groups for 2010-2019 (SVAC 2.1 & SVAC 3.0). The dataset includes information about the prevalence, perpetrators and forms of the reported sexual violence by each armed actor in each conflict-year.
The SVAC 3.0 dataset includes all active state-based armed conflicts in the period 1989-2019, based on Harbom et al. (2008). An armed conflict is defined as: “a contested incompatibility that concerns government and/or territory where the use of armed force between two parties, of which at least one is the government of a state, results in at least 25 battle-related deaths” (Gleditsch et al. 2002). The conflict definition therefore captures large-scale wars (defined as those with more than 1000 battle deaths per year) as well as lower intensity armed conflicts. It also includes intrastate, internationalized internal, and interstate conflicts.
For older versions of the dataset and Codebook and User Guide, please see the Archive. Please note, if you downloaded the SVAC 2.0 datsets between October 23 and November 30, 2019, these included a coding error pertaining to the classification of conflict, interim, and post-conflict years. Please instead use the current version, SVAC 3.0 (February 2021).